Types of Stones Used in Stone Masonry: Understanding Their Qualities and Properties

05 August 2019

Stone masonry is the craft of creating homes, buildings, paving, chimneys, fireplaces, retaining walls and other elements from stone. It has been practiced since ancient times and is still in high demand today. If you are considering installing stone features on your property in any manner, you should first learn about the following top types of stone that is used in masonry.

1. Limestone

Limestone belongs to the sedimentary category of rocks, and it is composed of mainly calcium carbonate or CaCO3 in the way of the calcite mineral. Its colouring and texture depends upon the various elements that are in it. An important point to know about this stone is the fact that it is porous, which means that it needs sealing in many applications to keep it from absorbing moisture and to prevent staining. On the upside, it is highly versatile and can be made into chimneys, fireplaces, house features, property entrances and more.

2. Sandstone

Sandstone is another type of sedimentary rock that is formed by sand-sized particles or organic, rock or mineral material binding together with the help of clay or silt particles to fill in the gaps. Sandstone is suitable for even the pool areas since it can withstand chemical exposure durably. Also, it is resilient in exterior areas, such as driveways, porches, fireplaces, outdoor ovens, retaining walls and walkways as well as in interior features, such as countertops, backsplashes and wall tiles.

3. Bluestone

Bluestone is an unusual stone for masonry projects since it does not fit into the typical categories of rocks. It can vary from country to country in its composition. This rock comes in two varieties here in Australia. The first one is Victorian bluestone that is a form of the igneous rock, basalt. Basalt is mainly made up of feldspar, and it is fine-grained due to forming from rapidly cooling lava on the planet’s surface. Its colour ranges from gray to black. A less durable version of bluestone is in South Australia and it is a form of slate, which is a metamorphic rock that is mainly composed of quartz. Uses for this rock include pavers, staircases, doorways, windows and other architectural details.

4. Granite

Granite probably is the most well-known of these four types of stone. It is an igneous rock that is light-coloured, and its grainy texture is rugged enough to be seen clearly with the naked eye. It forms below the Earth’s surface through the gradual crystallisation of magma. Its composition is a mixture of feldspar and quartz. Granite is one of the toughest, durable stones on the market today for use in masonry elements. Some uses for it include paving, statues or monuments, countertops, stair treads, exterior enhancements and flooring.

For further information about the types of stones used in stone masonry, turn to AM Stonemasons. We have over 15 years of experience in our field, and we specialise in quality paving, stone homes, stone retaining walls, fireplaces, chimneys, feature walls and other types of projects.

Contact AM Stonemasons

275 Buckley School Rd., Buckley VIC 3240
Mobile: 0422 881 859

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